Chinese Journal of Applied Chemistry ›› 2021, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (5): 524-545.DOI: 10.19894/j.issn.1000-0518.210174

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Nanozyme: A New Type of Biosafety Material

ZHAO Yue, MENG Xiang-Qin, YAN Xi-Yun*, FAN Ke-Long*   

  1. CAS Engineering Laboratory for Nanozyme, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2021-04-07 Accepted:2021-04-12 Published:2021-05-01 Online:2021-07-01
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.31900981), CAS Interdisciplinary Innovation Team (No.JCTD-2020-08), the Strategic Priority Research Program of CAS (No.XDB29040101), the Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences of CAS (No.QYZDY-SSW-SMC013) and the Youth Innovation Promotion Association of CAS (No.2019093)

Abstract: Nanozymes are a kind of nanomaterials with enzyme-like activity. Since they were first discovered in 2007, nearly a thousand kinds of nanomaterials with different compositions have been found to have enzyme-like activity. They exhibit similar enzymatic reaction kinetics and catalytic mechanisms to natural enzymes and can be used as a good substitute for natural enzymes. Due to the enzyme-like activity and the advantages of multifunctionality, economy, stability, and easy to scale production, nanozymes have shown good application prospects in the rapid detection of pathogenic microorganisms and the prevention or treatment of infectious diseases. Therefore, nanozymes are regarded as a new type of biosafety material. This article reviews the application of nanozymes in detecting and killing of bacteria and viruses in recent years, and provides a basis for the development of diagnostic and anti-pathogenic microbial treatment strategies based on nanozyme when responding to major biosafety threats and preventing biosafety hazards.

Key words: Nanozyme, Biosafety materials, Pathogen detection, Antibacterial, Antiviral

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