Chinese Journal of Applied Chemistry ›› 2022, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (6): 927-940.DOI: 10.19894/j.issn.1000-0518.210386

• Review • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Research Progress on Transition Metal⁃Based Catalysts for Hydrogen Evolution Reaction via Seawater Electrolysis

Yan WANG, Shu-Cong ZHANG, Xing-Kun WANG, Zhi-Cheng LIU, Huan-Lei WANG, Ming-Hua HUANG()   

  1. School of Materials Science and Engineering,Ocean University of China,Qingdao 266100,China
  • Received:2021-07-31 Accepted:2021-11-23 Published:2022-06-01 Online:2022-06-27
  • Contact: Ming-Hua HUANG
  • About
  • Supported by:
    the National Natural Science Foundation of China(21775142);the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province(ZR2020ZD10)


As one of the most abundant natural resources on earth, seawater has unique advantages in realizing large-scale hydrogen production from electrochemical water splitting. However, the catalysts at the cathode could be corroded, poisoned or degraded by Cl, Ca2+ and Mg2+ in seawater, resulting in a significant reduction in their activity and stability. Therefore, the development of cheap, efficient and stable electrocatalysts for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) on the cathode has attracted intense attention. This review firstly elaborates the major advantages and challenges for hydrogen production from seawater electrolysis. Afterwards, the research progress on transition metal-based HER catalysts for seawater electrolysis, such as selenides, sulfides, phosphates, nitrides and so on, is summarized and discussed. Finally, the future perspectives in the design of efficient and stable HER catalysts for seawater electrolysis are summarized and put forward.

Key words: Seawater, Electrocatalysis, Hydrogen evolution reaction, Transition metal-based catalysts

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