Chinese Journal of Applied Chemistry ›› 2017, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (8): 965-970.DOI: 10.11944/j.issn.1000-0518.2017.08.160481

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Analysis of Volatile Components in Processed Ginseng by GC-MS/MS

WANG Wei,ZHENG Fei,GE Yan,QIAO Mengdan,YUE Hao(),LIU Shuying   

  1. Jilin Ginseng Academy,Changchun University of Chinese Medicine,Changchun 130117,China
  • Received:2016-11-29 Accepted:2017-01-20 Online:2017-07-25 Published:2017-07-26
  • Contact: YUE Hao
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.3140040275)


The research of chemical changes in ginseng processing has been focusing on saponins and sugars. In this paper, volatile components in ginseng were studied for the first time, which provide a substance basis for different processed ginseng. The volatile components and their derivative paths of fresh ginseng, sun-dry ginseng and red ginseng were studied by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS/MS). The volatile components were detected and analyzed using TG-5SILMS nonpolar GC column, with He as the carrier gas through the NIST MS Spectral Database. Thirty, thirty-three and thirty-four species of volatile compounds in fresh ginseng, sun-dry ginseng and red ginseng were detected, respectively. The content of (-)-spartak alcohol in sun-dry ginseng is 31.98 times higher than that in the fresh ginseng, while the levels of eight volatile components such as octanal in sun-dry ginseng is three times higher than those in the fresh ginseng. The contents of ten volatile components such as cyclodecanone in red ginseng are 3 times higher than those in the fresh ginseng. Four volatile compounds in sun-dry ginseng and in red ginseng are not detected in fresh ginseng.

Key words: gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, fresh ginseng, sun-dry ginseng, red ginseng, volatile compound