Chinese Journal of Applied Chemistry ›› 2017, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (5): 489-501.DOI: 10.11944/j.issn.1000-0518.2017.05.160477

• Review • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Application of Oxygen Nucleophiles Hydroxyl and Alkoxide Anions in Derivatization of Fullerenes

HE Faguiab,GAO Xianga*()   

  1. aState Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry,Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Changchun 130022,China
    bUniversity of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039,China
  • Received:2016-11-28 Accepted:2017-02-14 Online:2017-05-02 Published:2017-05-02
  • Contact: GAO Xiang
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.21472183), Jilin Provincial Science and Technology Department(No.20170101172JC)


Due to the promising potentials shown by fullerene derivatives for applications in the areas of organic photovoltaics, biology and medicine, derivatization of fullerenes has attracted great interest and a range of methods are well developed. It is typical for fullerenes to undergo reactions with nucleophiles due to their strong electron-deficiency. However, compared to carbon nucleophiles, reactions of oxygen nucleophiles with fullerenes have received less attentions. Herein, combined with our previous work, the use of hydroxyl anion(OH-) and alkoxide anion(MeO-) in the derivatization of fullerenes is reviewed, and the related reaction mechanisms are discussed, which may shed light on exploring new methods for fullerene derivatization.

Key words: fullerenes, oxygen nucleophiles, heterocyclic compounds, reaction mechanism, regioselectivity